Tangmo Village, a former district of Shexian County and now one of Huizhou, was set up by one of Wang Hua’s great ancestors Shu Ju. In 923 AD, the descendents of Wang returned to their hometown of Huizhou, settling down in Shanquan Temple at first. Wang Sili, in his late sixties, was acquainted with more than one science, especially at home with astronomy and geography. Later, after a geomantic study of the locations, he finally decided on Shizi Shan Mountain opposite the temple as the best place for his family to reside in, believing that his family would be prosperous here because of the prosperous gingko tress left here by his ancestor Shu Ju. Several generations had passed; it was developed into a clan village with such building as Zhongwang Street, LiuJia Garden and Taizi Tang. It’s named in the Tang Dynasty, to which Wang’s descendents wanted to show their gratitude to, for it conferred upon their ancestor Wang Hua the title of the Duke of Yueguo and the posthumous title the King of Martyrs after his death. It means that it models in scale and style the villages of the Tang Dynasty at its prime time. The early dwellers here were all descendent of Wang family, Cheng family and Wu family. Later new comers descended from Xu family began to live here, and generations later, even outnumbered the early dwellers. As the legend goes, two brothers of Xu family from Xu village came to find shelter from their aunt and uncle in Tangmo after the death of their parents. Prosperous as their family was, they maintained the early name for their village, hoping that it would be the best way to show their thanks to their uncle who adopted them when they were on the edge of death. Therefore, Tangmo Village was established and named, as it were, under the great influence of geomantic beliefs and patriotism and royalism of the ancient Huizhou people.
Royalism makes Tangmo Village while Tan’gan Garden is well known for filial piety. According to the legend, a businessman in Tangmo called Xu Yicheng was running a brisk business of 36 stores away from home. His mother, never having been to a different place from her home, desired for a trip to Xihu Lake in Hangzhou for its heavenly beauty, but was refrained by her age and health. Her son was so considerate that he spent a good fortune having a mimic Xihu Lake built in the village for her mother. It has almost everything, if not all, that can be seen by a traveler to Xihu Lake: pavilions, waters, bridges, lake embankments blooming with tan flowers and so on. In the middle of the lake is Jingting pavilion walled with marbles and inscribed with a lot of famous calligraphies of different times, which were so precious and expensive that were almost taken away by an official of the Qing Dynasty Zeng Guofan but were saved by their own large size and great weight. The two characters Tan and Gan in the name of this garden are both allusive according to Shijing (The Book of Songs edited by Confucius).
Tangmo Village, with Shizi Shan Mountain as its center, is surrounded by elephant-shaped highlands in the southwest and flatlands in the others. Over the mountain is Fengle River 7 li away. Inside are well preserved stone paths leading to each corner of the village, where a creek is flowing through. Over the creek is Gaoyang Bridge built in the Qing Dynasty. Across the river is a forest of gingko trees, in front of which is Taizi Tang and Taizi Temple on the left. Next to Taizi Temple is Zhuangyuan Mansion, a typical Huizhou style building. Not far away from it is the former residence of Xu Cunyu, a Kuomingtang official now. Down the creak on the north are a nunnery and the Memorial Hall of Xu Family and the mimic Xihu Lake is within your view. Behind the lake is Hanlin Twins Archway rare across the nations. Sheltered by ample camphor trees nearby are Bajiao Pavilion and Wusong Bridge. Therefore, Tangmo, can be called an ancient garden museum for its beautiful landscape and long history.